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2000-08-27

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In this article, I define what life is and assert that social systems are also life by the definition. I will show in what respect societies are living things.

2000-07-30

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The term autopoiesis originally stems from biology, but it is used in philosophy and sociology. In this article, I will investigate what autopoiesis is in comparison with neighboring concepts: self-organization, self-reference and self-reflection.

2000-07-02

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We feel more comfortable in the natural breeze than that mechanically caused by the fan. You might consider the natural breeze capricious, but there is a rhythm of life whose order can be mathematically formulated.